FIFTH SEMESTER CBCSS MODEL EXAMINATION SEPTEMBER 2015
ENCR 09: LITERARY CRITICISM- THEORY AND PRACTICE
Time: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 80
Answer all of the following questions in a sentence or two. Each carries one mark.
1. Who is hailed as the first Romantic critic?
2. Who was Wordsworth’s collaborator in the Lyrical Ballads?
3. Why are the Naiyayikas considered real bores?
4. Define vyanjana.
5. Who stated that santarasa is the basic rasa?
6. Who is the author of Srngaraprakasa ?
7. What is the basic rasa of Ramayana?
8. Why are Aristotle’s works considered acromatic in nature?
9. How does Matthew Arnold define criticism?
10. Whom does TS Eliot call “a perfect critic”?
(1 x 10 = 10)
Answer any eight of the following questions in 50 words. Each carries two marks.
11. How does T.S.Eliot describe himself in the preface to For Lancelot Andrews?
12. Why did Plato banish poets from his ideal republic?
13. Why is Vyanjana considered an artistic process?
14. Explain the three types of meanings that words have.
15. What do you think about Matthew Arnold’s views on the Romantic poets?
16. What is the true aim of art according to Horace?
17. Explain Wordsworth’s definition of poetry.
18. Reflect on Matthew Arnold’s concept of culture.
19. What is negative capability?
20. Define Objective Correlative.
21. What is historical sense according to TS Eliot?
22. Explain Eliot’s notion of Dissociation of Sensibility.
(2 x 8 = 16)
Answer any four questions from 23-29 and questions 30 and 31 in about 100 words. Each carries four marks.
23. What is the difference between Plato’s and Aristotle’s understanding of mimesis?
24. The Touchstone Method
25. Fancy and imagination
27. What is ‘the sublime’? What are the sources and impediments to sublimity?
28. Explain Anandavardhana’s classification of poetry.
29. What are the objections raised against Vyanjana?
30. Attempt a critical appreciation of the following passage:
Many critics have vainly attempted to make literature scientific. Northrop Frye is one such critic. He attempts to make literature literary anthropology in order to make it scientific. Sciences are scientific because they are based on Nature, and Nature in turn has an order. So to make literature scientific, it has to be linked to Nature. So Frye goes back to myths, rituals, customs and folklores.
People all over the world consider the Earth as Mother, the Sky as Father and Road as Life. That is why we consider life as a journey from the cradle to the grave. The solar cycle and the seasonal cycle have strongly affected our thinking. Just as the sun rises in the east after night, we believe there must be life after death. The seasonal cycle reinforces this belief in our mind. After winter we see that Nature is not destroyed. After winter, spring comes again. This makes us believe that death does not destroy everything once and forever. We imagine that night is conquered by the morning and winter is defeated by summer. Similarly, death is conquered by birth. These myths are the stories behind archetypes.
31. Attempt a critical appreciation of the following poem:
I get butterflies every time
You look at me, smile and talk to me.
Big cheesy smiles across my face,
You fill that empty place.
Deep in my heart,
Where it has been lonely for such a long while,
I hope we never part.
Because if we did,
I don't know if I could take it.
I'm giving you my heart.
Please don't break it.
I can't think of enough words to explain,
My feelings for you are simple, they're plain.
Do you understand what I'm trying to say?
(4 x 6 = 24)
Answer any two of the following questions in 300 words. Each carries fifteen marks.
32. Explain Bharata’s formula for the evocation of rasa.
33. Examine Aristotle’s contributions to literary criticism.
34. Compare and contrast Wordsworth and Coleridge as the pioneers of Romanticism.
35. Analyse the contributions of T.S.Eliot to literary criticism.
(2 x 15 = 30)