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07 Jun

Phonetics

Phonetics

Phonetics is the study of speech sounds. A phoneme is the smallest distinctive sound unit.

A pulmonic egressive air-stream mechanism is used in the production of English sounds. To describe a consonant, we need to know:

1. The Air-Stream Mechanism – Pulmonic egressive

2. The State of glottis-

  1. Voiceless - /p, t, k, f, , s, ʃ, h, tʃ/
  2. Voiced - /b, d, g, ʤ, v, f, z, ʒ, m, n, l, r, j, w/

3. Position of Soft Palate – oral or nasal

4. The Place of Articulation:

  1. Bilabials - /p, b, m, w/
  2. Labio-dentals - /f, v/                                               
  1. Dentals - / , f/
  2. Alveolar - /t, d, s, z, n, l/                                         

(e) Post-alveolar - /r/

(f) Palato-alveolar - /tʃ, ʤ, ʃ, ʒ/                                     

  1. Palatals - /j/
  2. Velars - /k, g, ɳ/                                                      
  1. Glottals - /h/

5. The Manner of Articulation:

  1. Plosives - /p, b, t, d, k, g/
  2. Affricates - /tʃ, ʤ/
  3. Fricatives - /f, v, , ɠ, s, z, ʃ, ʒ, h/
  4. Frictionless continuant - /r/
  5. Semi vowels - /w, j/

 

Copyright © Manu Mangattu, Assistant Professor, Department of English, SGC Aruvithura

Provide your Feedback/Suggestion/Requests for notes to manumangattu@gmail.com

 

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