The Last Judgement by Karel Capek
B.1. He was caught only after his death.
B.2. There was no provision for swearing in witnesses.
B.3. Because since God knows everything, He can’t possibly judge. Morover the judges are experienced hands. Man is not worthy of divine judgement
B.4.If judges know everything, they would understand everything and hence their hearts would ache. God, being omniscient, cannot judge.
B.5. Ferdinand Kugler was a bad unmanageable child from his earliest days. He loved hius mother dearly, but was unable to show it. This made him unruly and defiant. He irked everyone.
B.6. God, because He knows everything.
B.7.God being the supreme truth need not take the oath.
B.8.When Kugler was six years old, he had bought a coloured glass marble from Wolfe’s shop which he lost forever that day itself. It was a bitter memory for Kugler.
B.9. Out of anger or desire for money, both deliberately and accidentally.
B.10.Kugler was senrtenced to lifelong punishment in hell for repeated crimes of manslaughter, robbery, disrespect for law, illegally carrying weapons and for the theft of a rose.
C.1. See page 57, first,second and third paragrtaphs.
C.2. Ferdinand Kugler, the son of a factory worker, was a bad unmanageable child from his earliest days. He loved hius mother dearly, but was unable to show it. This made him unruly and defiant. He irked everyone. He bit his father on the thumb when he tried to beat him. He stole a rose from the notary’s garden for Irma. He became a thief and a liar before his tenth year. He kept bad company too, however, he shared his meals with Gribble. By his fourteenth year, he became a drunkard and often ran away from home. His father died of grief, his mother’s eyes faded from crying. His sister never married as no one would marry the sister of a thief.
C.4. See page 55, second ,third and fourth paragraphs.
C.5.The statement implies that there is an acute shortage in heaven for judges as the number of people who reach there for the final judgement is so great. It also implies that human beings commit a lot of crimes which makes it impossible for the judges to arrive at judgements quickly.
C.6., C.7. Contrary to his expectations, Kugler finds out that the people who are judges on earth are judges in heaven too.God clarifies things to Kugler, telling him that because He knows everything, He can’t possibly judge. If judges know everything, they would understand everything and hence their hearts would ache. They then could not sit in judgement. Likewise God too cannot sit in judgement since He knows everything about the person to be judged. Moreover, man belongs to man. Hence his verdict to be determined by man himself and not by God. Afterall, man is not worthy of divine judgement. He deserves to be judged only by other men.
C.8. (Include points from C.6) The story ends with Kugler being sentenced to lifelong punishment in hell for repeated crimes of manslaughter, robbery, disrespect for law, illegally carrying weapons and for the theft of a rose. The ending clearly reflects the author’s own judgement on the matter. Karel Capek is out to show that man is much harder on his fellow beings than God can ever be.. The crimes we commit dpo not affect God directly. Our crimes impact us more than anyone. Hence Capek concludes that man is a more appropriate judge for other men’s crimes than God is.
Copyright © Manu Mangattu, Assistant Professor, Department of English, SGC Aruvithura
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