Causes for Difficulties in Pronunciation The teachers are not enough conversant with the standard pronunciation. The learners are misled by the negative pull of their mother-tongue. Auditory problems of the learner prevent him from receiving the exact sounds. Lack of knowledge of stress and intonation or an innate reluctance to use them. Lack of exposure in speaki
Objectives of Teaching Pronunciation To enable the learners to produce correct speech sounds. To help them speak with fluency, pause and rhythm. To make them aware of the beauty, power and forcefulness of English speech. To make them aware of the production of speech sounds and the vocal organs, the manner and place of articulation. To enable them to distinguish b
Methodology of Teaching Pronunciation Teaching pronunciation is fundamental to the teaching of listening and speaking. Therefore it is necessary that the teacher of English pays a good deal of attention to it. Correct pronunciation is not merely a matter of articulating the individual sounds accurately. It is how these words combine and change when used in words and sentence
Inductive Grammar vs Deductive Grammar Inductive Grammar A grammar which analyses particular language data and constructs a general theory or rule may be called inductive. It proceeds from examples to generalizations. Deductive Grammar A grammar which describes particular language data on the basis of a general theory or rule may be called deductive.
Approaches to the Study of Grammar 1. Diachronic It is a historical study that deals with the changes in grammar over a period of time. 2. Synchronic It describes the grammar of a language as it exists at a point of time. 3. Deductive A grammar which describes particular language data on the basis of a general theory or rule may be called d
Kinds of Grammar 1. Prescriptive Grammar (Formal or Theoretical) A grammar which attempts to impose its own norms and rules on the language, without considering its actual usage by the community, is called a prescriptive grammar. Traditional grammar is prescriptive, prescribing dos don’ts. Its rules are rigid. Form is all important. 2. Descriptive Gramm